Let your Skin Shine Through with SCITON’s® BroadBand Light and Laser Technology
Vein and Skin Issues: Description and Treatment
Brown Spots, Sun Spots, Age Spots, and Freckles
Sun spots, age spots, and “liver” spots are brown spots that can appear on areas of skin that are often exposed to the sun, such as the face, chest, hands, arms and legs.
Brown spots can occur at any age and in individuals of all skin types, but individuals with light skin are most susceptible.
Patients often note that their lesions get darker during the summer and lighter during the winter. In contrast to freckles, brown spots are equally visible all year round.
TREATMENT: Your skin needs to be examined to determine the cause of your brown spots. Intense pulsed light treatments can safely remove brown spots by selectively targeting the brown pigment.
Light energy is delivered in a series of pulses that break down the dark pigment in the skin, causing it to disperse and eventually clear.*
TREATMENT PLAN: Brown spots often need three to five treatment sessions of intense pulsed light to maximize results, although sometimes only one treatment is needed. *
Treatment sessions are usually spaced three to four weeks apart and cannot be within three weeks of sun exposure.
Spider Vein (Telangiectasia) Treatment
Spider veins are tiny blood vessels just beneath the surface of the skin. They may be red, purple or blue. They commonly are present on the legs, but they can also appear on the face. Sclerotherapy and/or laser treatment is a safe and effective treatment that reduces spider veins.
The most important consideration in treating spider veins of the legs is to make sure that these tiny surface veins are not being supplied by larger “feeder” veins from below. We do this by performing a quick ultrasound to determine the source of the spider veins.
Sclerotherapy addresses specific areas depending on the size and the source of the vessel. Sclerosing solutions are injected through tiny needles into the vessel. The solution causes the vessel to collapse and subside.*
Smaller surface vessels are treated with laser. The laser damages the vein and causes it to subside.* The sensation of laser light hitting the skin can cause some discomfort similar to a rubber band snapping against the skin. Laser vein treatments can be used in difficult areas such as the ankles, facial veins, and other areas of the body.*
Veins of the face and nose are most often caused by over exposure to the sun and the natural aging process. The preferred treatment for facial veins is laser.
Laser is a light energy that penetrates below the surface of the skin and is absorbed by the spider veins. The heat caused by the absorption of the laser energy causes the sides of the spider veins to collapse together, closing off the blood flow and wiping out the superficial spider veins.*
Sclerotherapy and/or laser treatment is a safe and effective treatment that eliminates spider veins.
TREATMENT PLAN: Spider veins of the face are treated three to four weeks apart and generally require two to three sessions. Spider veins of the legs are treated four to six weeks apart and generally require an average of two to three sessions, but may be more depending on the severity of the veins. Sclerotherapy treats larger veins that are 2-4 mm in size, and the number of treatments depends on the severity of the veins.*
Rosacea is a common disorder of the skin that affects 16 million Americans. It cannot be cured, and the goal of treatment is symptom management.
Rosacea causes the skin on the face to develop enlarged capillaries, swelling, and possibly bumps called papules. Rosacea can also affect the scalp, ears, neck, chest, and back. On occasion, rosacea may also affect the eyes. Patients with rosacea have a tendency to flush or blush easily. Since rosacea causes facial swelling and redness, it is easily confused with other skin conditions such as acne, skin allergies, and sunburn.
Rosacea often affects adults with fair skin between the ages of 20 and 60 years. It is more common in women, but often most severe in men. The cause of rosacea is unknown, but it may be the result of both genetic and environmental factors.
While rosacea may not usually impact the physical health of a patient, there may be psychological consequences from the most visually apparent symptoms, which can affect the quality of life.
Even though rosacea cannot be cured, treatment can be effective. The most thorough treatment plans often include a tiered approach. Patients are often instructed on various self-care measures such as avoiding skin irritants and dietary items thought to cause flare-ups. There are also several different types of medicines that can be prescribed by a knowledgeable primary care physician or a dermatologist.
More recently, several different procedures have been developed that have improved the treatment of rosacea. Two of the more successful procedures involve the use of laser or intense pulsed light, and some forms of rosacea may be significantly cleared for long periods of time. Although it is still not considered a “cure”, some patients experience continuing results and may have remissions for months to years.*
TREATMENT: Today, laser or light therapy is used to treat these signs of rosacea:*
- Enlarged blood vessels
- Persistent redness
- Thickening skin on the nose and cheeks (also known as rhinophyma)
- Acne-like breakouts
Poikiloderma of Civatte
Poikiloderma of Civatte is a skin condition that causes a red, itchy or irritated discoloration and prominent capillaries (small blood vessels) to the sides of the neck. It typically spares the skin under the chin. The discoloration is triggered by frequent sun exposure, which is why the skin under the chin is usually spared. Fair-skinned people are more prone to Poikiloderma of Civatte, as with most sun damage conditions, although all skin types can develop this condition.
Treatment for Poikiloderma of Civatte includes IPL (intense pulsed light) therapy to reduce the discoloration, and topical medication to soothe any itchy or irritated skin.
What Can I Expect With a Treatment?
Your eyes will be protected with goggles during the procedure. Each pulse feels like a tiny pinprick or rubber band snap. Our state-of-the-art machine has a built-in cooling plate that will be used to minimize any discomfort. Depending on the condition and the size of the area being treated, the number of pulses will vary. Following treatment, an ice pack may be applied to ease any discomfort. Over the next several weeks, color will slowly break apart and fade. Swelling and scabbing may occur.*
Avoid any sun exposure three weeks prior and two weeks following each treatment. Having a suntan can increase the risk of skin damage for certain treatments.
Fair-skinned people are more prone to Poikiloderma of Civatte, although all skin types can develop this condition.
TREATMENT PLAN: Poiklioderma often needs three to five treatment sessions of intense pulsed light to maximize results. Treatment sessions are usually spaced three to four weeks apart and cannot be within three weeks of sun exposure.
Treatment for acne isn’t one-size-fits-all. If prescription antibiotics or creams aren’t working for you, or if you can’t tolerate the side effects of these medications, you might consider BroadBand Light (BBL) as a treatment option.
BBL reduces the bacteria that live in the skin that cause acne. The targeted skin that is treated causes shrinkage of the inflamed sebaceous glands and helps to prevent over-production of excess oil.*
If you suffer from active inflammatory acne or lingering scars, BBL treatment can significantly improve the condition of your skin. BBL alone usually does not completely clear acne, but can improve inflammatory acne on a short-term basis. Of note, laser and light treatments are not recommended during pregnancy as the effects are unknown.*
BroadBand Light treatment can significantly improve the condition of your skin*
Angiomas are small, benign circular growths on the skin that are made up of tiny blood vessels. They can range in color from bright red to deep purple.
There are diff erent types of angiomas. Spider angiomas are common in children and pregnant women, whereas cherry angiomas are common in both genders, all races, and are more common with increasing age. Angiomas can be found anywhere on the body, although they usually occur on the chest and abdomen. They can range in size from one millimeter to larger than a quarter.
TREATMENT PLAN: Depending on size and skin type, the average number of treatments required is two, although small angiomas may respond to a single treatment.*
GENERAL TREATMENT EXPECTATIONS
Some patients may not be ideal candidates: Do you have a suntan or any of the following medical conditions?
- Clotting disorder
- Tendency to develop keloids
- History of abnormal response to sunlight
- Medication that is light sensitive
- Infectious disease
- Connective tissue disease
- Patients that are immunocompromised
- Prescription Accutane
- Medical condition that affects wound healing
- Patients with tan skin with certain treatments
- History of skin cancer
Anyone with sun exposure for the past three weeks can receive laser treatments, but should not receive light treatments. If you have any of the conditions listed above, be sure to tell your doctor because these conditions may increase your risk of developing an infection or may create problems with wound healing. Of note, laser and light treatments are not recommended during pregnancy as the effects are unknown. Not a cure: While some patients experience dramatic results which can be long-lasting, neither laser nor light therapy can be guaranteed. To maintain results, additional laser or light treatment may be needed at a later time.*
Realistic expectations are essential: Most patients do see improvement; however, with any medical procedure, there is always the possibility that you will only see a minor change or not see a response at all. Your physician can determine if you are a good candidate. To date, doctors have found that people with lighter skin who limit their sun exposure after the procedure tend to have better results.*
Success depends on several factors: Several factors — including your skin type, condition of your skin, your lifestyle, and the amount of sun exposure you get following the procedure — affect the short-term and long-term results. For example, not protecting your skin from the sun after treatment can cause a strong reaction.*
Complications: Scarring or blistering, although rare, can occur following any treatment. Hives may occur and generally subside within a few hours. Patches of dark skin or light skin are rare but may develop after treatment. Swelling and bruising may be a temporary result following any treatment.*
Not covered by insurance: Typically, the laser and light therapies used in cosmetic treatments are not covered by medical insurance. Laser therapy usually requires two to four treatment sessions to achieve the best results, and sessions are generally spaced two to four weeks apart. Intense pulsed light may require two to five sessions and are usually repeated every three weeks. With both laser and intense pulsed light, follow-up treatment may be necessary to maintain the results.*